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Entrance points. How to Get There?

Entorno del Puerto de NavafríaThere are several entrance points to visit the Sierra de Guadarrama National Park:

  • Navacerrada Pass (Puerto de Navacerrada).
  • Valsaín Valley (Valle de Valsaín).
  • Los Cotos Pass, Peñalara Massif (Puerto de los Cotos, Macizo de Peñalara).
  • Navafría Pass (Puerto de Navafría).
  • La Morcuera Pass (Puerto de la Morcuera).
  • La Pedriza, at Manzanares el Real.
  • La Barranca.
  • La Fuenfría Valley (Valle de la Fuenfría), at Cercedilla.
  • River Moros Valley (Valle del Río Moros).
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Rules for visitors

The primary objective of the National Park is "to preserve the integrity of its natural wealth and its particular landscapes"  as well as "to manage its’ public use and enjoyment for the whole of society, consistently with its conservation". Visitors’ rules are thus necessary to allow such an enjoyment, without jeopardising the conservation of natural and cultural wealth.

The Park conservation depends to a large extent on visitors’ attitude and behaviour. For this reason, complete cooperation is needed by all visitors, in the fulfilment of the protection rules. Keep in mind that:

General rules

  • Respect the Park natural and cultural wealth by following all guidelines posted at signs, storyboards, prescribed itineraries, and restrictions on access, being temporary or permanent. Follow instructions from National Park staff.

  • It is not allowed to carry out activities or behaviours that could endanger Park conservation, disturb peace, or result in damage to another visitor’s experience.

  • Respect the flora and the fauna. It is not allowed:

    • To pull out, cut, or harm vegetation; as well as to collect fruits, flowers, and seeds.

    • To disturb, wound, capture, or kill any wild animal, their eggs, new-borns, or larvae.
  • Pet animals should be constantly under the control of the owner, and they should be on a leash when walking around Peñalara area or any visitors gathering point.

  • It is prohibited to introduce plants or to release animals, since they might spread disease and could disturb or dislodge local specimens.

  • Respect the silence of nature.  Everyone has the right to enjoy the Park.  Do not use any object which emits strange or strident noises such as megaphones, whistles, or music players. Do not carry out any activity that could upset or frighten the animals.

  • It is not allowed to use dazzling lights or flashes that could disturb the stillness at night, excluding the use of individual torch lamps.
  • Make sure nobody will notice you were here. Do not contaminate the Park with your garbage. Take it out of the National Park and put it in containers. We do not have to throw any food waste that could soil the environment and change the animals’ eating habits.

  • It is not allowed to collect, destroy, or alter any element having archaeological, historical, or geological value.

  • It is not allowed to light fires any time of the year. Do not throw cigarette butts; they could cause a fire, and they take a lot of years to degrade.

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Safety recommendations

To make our way through this natural space does not affect the environment negatively, will you please take into account the following recommendations:


  • Prepare detailed excursions, adapt your equipment to environmental conditions, see weather forecasts, and note especially the frequent sudden changes in weather.

  • Much of the National Park of the Sierra de Guadarrama extends high mountain areas, therefore, you should be extremely cautious during the winter period.

  • There are routes in which it is essential to use hiking boots and crampons and ice axe in winter.

  • In summer protect yourself from the excess of sun.

  • Bring drinking water.

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Visitors Centers and Information Desks

The Sierra de Guadarrama National Park Visitors Centers offer the following basic services: visitors’ information desk, welcome centers at the main National Park entrances and basic explanations to encourage the understanding and appreciation of the protected zone main values.

The Sierra de Guadarrama National Park has several Visitors Centers:

Peñalara Visitors Center 918 520 857 Rascafría Madrid
Valle de la Fuenfría Visitors Center 918 522 213 Cercedilla Madrid
La Pedriza Visitors Center 918 539 978 Manzanares El Real Madrid
Valle de El Paular Visitors Center 918 691 757 Rascafría Madrid
Valsaín Visitors Center (Boca del Asno) 921 120 013 La Granja de San Ildefonso Segovia
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Information for groups (Massif of Peñalara)

The scope of application of Master Plan for Use and Management (PRUG) of the Peñalara Natural Park, is the massif of Peñalara and its Peripheral Protected Area.

Since the old Peñalara Natural Park is part of National Park of Sierra de Guadarrama, (as provided for in law 7/2013, of 25 June, on Declaration of the National Park of Sierra de Guadarrama), the protection policy of Peripheral Protected Area corresponding to the old Peñalara Natural Park has currently an increased legal range. Therefore, the legal regime applicable to the visits of groups of more than 15 participants, will be the one referred to in articles number 24 and 25 of the PRUG.

For the bivouac, article number 38 of the PRUG provides for the necessity of an authorization for groups of more than 10 people, regardless of the zone to stay overnight (Peñalara massif or Peripheral Protected Area). It just makes distinction of the height dimension from which it is permitted, being 2,100 m in the Massif and Area I and 1,700 in Peripheral Protected Area. In both cases an authorization is required.

Therefore, the activities carried out under these parameters must be notified to: Centre of visitors Peñalara (Centro de Visitantes Peñalara), Phone 918-520-857 or the Regional Office for the Attention of the Local Population (Oficina Comarcal de Atención a la Población Local sector Lozoya) Phone 918 691 829, both belonging to the National Park of Sierra de Guadarrama.

Download rules (PDF file)

Download group visits application form (Massif of Peñalara)

Download groups bivouacking form (Massif of Peñalara)

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Information on risk of avalanches


During winter, either spontaneously or because the passage of people, the conditions triggering avalanches. That danger can be measured by probing the snowpack, and they can be shared with public by means of an international range which is easily understandable.

Danger of avalanches European Scale holds 5 risk levels defined by an evaluation on stability and its consequences, which will determine the probability of avalanche activation.

In mountain risk zero does not exist. The danger to which a skier or a mountaineer is exposed will grow with the index value.

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Estado del tiempo

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Boletín meteorológico de las últimas 48 horas y predicción para hoy y mañana.

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Esta información procede del Sistema de Observación. Puede solicitar datos meteorológicos de esta red. Contacto: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Cupo máximo de visitantes en el Macizo de Peñalara

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Para evitar concentraciones de visitantes en el Macizo de Peñalara, conforme a lo dispuesto en la Orden 668/2020, por la que se establecen medidas preventivas para hacer frente a la crisis sanitaria ocasionada por el COVID-19 y para la preservación las zonas frágiles se ha establecido un cupo de vistantes y unas normas para la visita.

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Prohibido el acceso a la Cascada del Purgatorio

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Para evitar concentraciones de visitantes en la ruta de la Cascada del Purgatorio, conforme a lo dispuesto en la Orden 668/2020, por la que se establecen medidas preventivas para hacer frente a la crisis sanitaria ocasionada por la COVID-19; el acceso a dicha zona está prohibido desde el Puerto de la Morcuera, el puente del Canchal y el puente del Aguilón. Esta medida se toma para impedir aglomeraciones ya que es una zona de alto riesgo para ello, debido a la falta de espacio en la senda.

En todos los casos y en el resto del Parque Nacional, consulte con el Centro de Visitantes más cercano al lugar que desea visitar.

Estas medidas se mantendrán hasta nueva comunicación.

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