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Escalada en roca

Escalada en PeñalaraDesde los inicios del montañismo la Sierra de Guadarrama se ha convertido en una de las escuelas y zonas de escalada más importantes del país, con una gran diversidad de estilos de escalada y tipos de itinerarios.

La particular configuración del Parque Nacional, destacando de manera excepcional el tipo de roca que lo conforma y sus cumbres, hace de este espacio natural un excelente escenario donde practicar la escalada. Desde los inicios del montañismo, la Sierra de Guadarrama se ha convertido en una de las escuelas y zonas de escalada más importantes del país, donde se han formado gran parte de los mejores alpinistas y escaladores de Madrid y sus alrededores.

La existencia de paredes, escarpes, canchos y bloques, conforman numerosos rincones donde se práctica la escalada, alguno de ellos de fama internacional como La Pedriza de Manzanares. Los estilos son muy variados, pudiendo encontrar itinerarios de adherencia, fisura, muros verticales o incluso aunque no predomine, algún desplome.

Esta reseña no pretende ser una guía exhaustiva de escalada, pues son numerosas las publicaciones específicas que recogen las más de 4000 vías y bloques que pueden encontrarse en esta zona.

Es importante señalar que la escalada está sujeta a una normativa específica en el Plan Rector de Uso y Gestión del Parque Nacional de la Sierra de Guadarrama, así como a una regulación dinámica por posibles molestias a la flora o fauna del lugar. También existen unas recomendaciones técnicas y un código de buenas prácticas que la gran mayoría de los escaladores ya tiene en cuenta, convirtiéndose en colaboradores activos en las estrategias de conservación y sostenibilidad.

Más actividades en el parque

Nordic skiing and snowshoeing

Under the generic name of Nordic skiing, we can group different modalities whose common characteristics could be the absence of facilities and infrastructures (unlike in the alpine ski) and the way to fix the boots to the skis, permitting to let heels untied. The two best known modalities are cross-country skiing and mountain skiing. Snowshoeing and Nordic skiing are becoming more and more popular and they are one of the most interesting ways to get…

Bike routes

Many forest tracks travel the Sierra de Guadarrama. Some of them run basically along the Peripheral Protection Zone, but other ones go into the National Park. You can download a sheet with principal routes location and description. We have selected several bike routes which will take you to some of the most interesting sites of the National Park. - The Horizontal one (La Horizontal) - Calderuelas - Canencia pine groves (Pinares de Canencia) - Pedriza Zeds…

Hiking areas suitable for kids

Some of Sierra de Guadarrama hikes and trails are relatively short and they do not present great unevenness; while this does not make them less impressive. They are particularly appropriate to spend a whole day with your family, taking simple walks in which kids would enjoy the nature. There are lots of these trails, but we suggest you a selection we have picked from different geographical areas. Should you want to get more information on…

Escalada en roca

×There is no translation available.La Sierra de Guadarrama, y especialmente La Pedriza, es una de las escuelas y zonas de escalada más importantes del país.

Ornithology hikes

The Sierra de Guadarrama provides excellent birds observation opportunities, including large birds of prey such as the black vulture or the Spanish imperial eagle, as well as many forest bird species living in these mountains woods. It is, without doubt, the most easily observable animal group, and this specially if we walk softly and we do not betray our presence. Binoculars would help our work of observation. At certain times their singing will accompany us all…

Walking routes

The Sierra de Guadarrama National Park has countless paths which were open time ago by the residents of the surrounding villages. All kinds of visitors have travelled those paths for their enjoyment. They give shape to a network with hundreds of kilometres and dozens of possible combinations. This section presents a range of the most popular hikes in the Park, which will lead you to the most impressive sites of the Sierra de Guadarrama National…

Winter ascents

The surroundings of the National Park are considered as Mediterranean high mountains, where winter time can show its hardest side, accumulating snow and ice that allow all kinds of typically alpine ascents. Climbing channels, ridges, shovels, icy walls, etc. are attractive for mountaineers. Plenty of itineraries that, depending on how winter comes, could be more or less technical, attractive and even dangerous. This page is only intended to give a brief notice on where the…

Geology hikes

National Park nature is clearly influenced by its abundance in mountains, which is reflected in the vegetation, in its fauna and its landscapes. But there are three principal topics on the geology of the Sierra de Guadarrama mountains: the particular granitic landform at La Pedriza, the Seven peaks (Siete Picos) and the glacier geomorphology at the Peñalara Massif, a legacy thousands of years old, from the time in which perennial ices covered its summits. We suggest…

Botanic Hikes

Sierra de Guadarrama most emblematic vegetation are the Scots pine groves, Albar pines or Valsaín pines (Pinus sylvestris Iberian variety), mountain broom and common junipers bushes, and hippocrepis carpetana grass living in the Sierra summits. But in sites such as shady streams or slopes, these woods are enriched by a multitude of species which are infrequent in the Central Mountain Range. For example, specimens of some very rare species in this area grow in sites named…

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